How to keep healthy in winter season

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Types of winter disease

Most children get affected by the start of winter and. When a child gets sick, most parents think that sickness is common diseases and that it can be treated with self medication. Well, if your one among such parents, then you need to change your notion and understand that common disease can evolve to something very dangerous. So why wait for something devastating to happen when you can take simple precautionary measures to solve this problem.

1.Sore Throat

A Sore Throat is the very first sign that you may be suffering from a bad cold. Most people do not care to treat it and as a result, this may get worse. This disease is one of the most common winter diseases and is usually caused by viral infections.

Causes of Sore Throat:

There are many different factors that can trigger a sore throat but this is very common during winter. Also, a bacteria called group A streptococcus that causes strep throat is the same virus that causes sore throat. Here are some other factors that can cause sore throat.

  • Allergies
  • Dryness indoors
  • Air pollutants; and
  • Tumours in the throat

Symptoms of Sore throat:

You may know the signs of a sore throat. But, what is important is that you do not avoid this disease especially if you have been caught by it during winter. Here are some of the symptoms of sore throat.

  • Severe pain and scratchy sensation in throat
  • Swollen throat
  • Red tonsils
  • White patches in throat
  • Puss found on tonsils in throat

Note:  One simple home remedy to solve sore throat is by gargling with lukewarm salt water. This won’t heal the infection, but it consists of anti-inflammatory property that will give you a soothing feel and relief in your throat

2.Pneumonia

Unlike other common winter illnesses, pneumonia is often caused due to bacterial infection. Pneumonia is a life-threatening disease that can be fatal and this usually starts with viral and fungal infection. This disease clogs the alveoli that are tiny air sacs in your lungs and fills it with fluids. This disease can happen among young people, but if an older person is suffering from it, it can turn out to be dangerous.

Causes of Pneumonia:

Pneumonia is caused by bacteria and viruses that multiply and settle in tiny holes of your lungs (Alveoli). This bacteria is found in terms of liquid that clogs the tiny holes in your lung thus making you develop shortness in breath. However, this disease is deadly because it can spread by coughing, sneezing or by touching an object. The bacteria that powers pneumonia is so deadly that it can fill the lung sacs with bacterial fluid and pus and this can kill you if not treated immediately.

Symptoms of Pneumonia:

The symptoms of pneumonia can be present in different ways, meaning sometimes this disease may start as cold and begins to evolve. Keep in mind that if your child has a bad cold for several days and that the child developed high fever, this can be an immediate sign of pneumonia. Here are some of the symptoms of pneumonia that will help you identify the disease.

  • Severe cough
  • Green phlegm and coughed up lungs
  • High fever
  • Shortness in breath
  • Chills
  • Severe headache
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Profuse sweating
  • Purple colour skin
  • Pain in muscles

Note. Pneumonia and fevers often go hand in hand. Get those high temps back to normal with over-the-counter medications like aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, or acetaminophen, Avoid secondhand smokeSmoking increases your risk for pneumonia. Smoking also makes it harder for you to get better after you have had pneumonia. Ask your healthcare provider for information if you need help to quit smoking. Use a cool mist humidifier. A humidifier will help increase air moisture in your home.

3.Acute Ear Infection

An ear infection is something that is caused by bacterial infections in the middle ear, which is a section found behind your eardrum. Ear infections can be very painful due to inflammation and fluid buildup in the middle ear. There are both acute as well as chronic ear infections. When it comes to acute ear infection, it is considered very painful but it will last only for a short duration. Winter climate can cause acute ear infections. Usually, people with acute ear infections experience blocked, itchy and painful ears.

Causes of Acute Ear Infection:

An acute ear infection is usually caused when eustachian tube begins to swell and this causes blockage thereby causing fluids to build in your middle ear. Here are some causes of acute ear infection.

  • Cold
  • Sinus infection
  • Smoking
  • Changes in climatic condition

Symptoms of Acute Ear Infection:

Here are some symptoms of acute ear infection that will help you identify the disease.

  • Severe pain
  • Discomfort in the ear
  • Pus-filled ear like feel
  • Hearing loss

Always read the medicine label and follow directions. Ear drops help treat your ear pain. Antibiotics help treat a bacterial infection that caused your ear infectionHow can I manage my symptoms? Apply heat on your ear for 15 to 20 minutes, 3 to 4 times a day or as directed. Heat helps decrease pain, Apply heat on your ear for 15 to 20 minutes, 3 to 4 times a day or as directed. Heat helps decrease pain. Apply ice on your ear for 15 to 20 minutes, 3 to 4 times a day for 2 days or as directed. Use an ice pack, or put crushed ice in a plastic bag.

4.Itching Skin

The first sign that you may encounter when winter sets in is dry-itchy skin. Why does this happen? This is because the cold winter does not enable your body to sweat as much as it does during summer. Thus when your body is not producing enough of natural oils and moisture, it tends to dry and die, therefore causing dry-itchy skin. All you need to do is to keep your skin moisturised all the time during winter by using petroleum jelly and coconut oil.

Causes of Itchy Skin:

Your skin plays a vital role in protecting the inside organs of your body. Your skin cells are very sensitive to dust and various other suspicious substances and this can trigger different skin disease that can damage your entire identity. Here are some causes of itchy skin.

  • Dry skin
  • Acne; and
  • Eczema

Symptoms of Itchy Skin:

If you develop dry skin during winter, apply skin moisturizer on it and keep it moisturized. Dry skin can leave your skin cracked and never healing. Use petroleum jelly or apply moisturizer on it. This is not a big problem for you to consult a doctor. It’s just that your body condition is getting adapted to the new season and as a result, dry skin is something very common among people of all ages.

5.joint pain

Most people suffering from arthritis will encounter pain in their joints during winter. One way to get over this pain is by regularly exercising. This will help you change your lifestyle and change your overall health.

Causes of Pain in joints:

Joint pain can be caused due to a number of factors and here some of the most common factors that could have affected you with joint pain.

  • Gout
  • Inflammation
  • Broken cartilage in kneecap
  • Arthritis; and
  • People suffering from influenza and hepatitis

Symptoms of Pain in Joints:

Joint pain can be normal and in some cases extremely painful. The first sign of having joint pain is of course pain that is associated with it. But more than the pain there are other factors that can cause pain in your joints.

  • Joint pain can be the outcome of a serious injury caused when you were young
  • When your joint appears to be very deformed, you need to consult a doctor
  • Swelling in your knees without any appropriate reason
  • When you cannot move your joint; and
  • When you have severe pain in your joints

Exercise is one of the best ways to keep your joints smooth and pain-free during cold weather–and you don’t even have to leave the house![1] Try indoor exercises, like jogging on a treadmill or on an elliptical, or doing light weight workouts,  Stretching movements can keep your joints active and may prevent the muscles around the joint from tightening up. They’re also easy to do inside your own home during the winter. Focus on stretching out the muscles and joints that tend to get tight when you work out or go outside in the cold, This might seem like a no-brainer when it’s cold out. If you are looking to avoid joint pain, though, it’s important to especially bundle up the areas of your body that tend to get stiff, such as your knees, hands, or feet. Wear thick gloves and socks, long-johns or even leg warmers to protect achy parts of your body.

Prevention of Winter Diseases:

During winter many people have the risk of getting sick. Infectious disease are available in the air and you need to take precautionary measures to stay safe and healthy. There are some simple tips that you can do at home that will safeguard you as well as your family from any winter infection.

  • Wash your hands with soap
  • If you have a bad cold, then you need to cover your mouth when you sneeze and cough
  • Make sure you use your own utensils when it comes to eating and drinking
  • Drink plenty of water and keep yourself hydrated
  1. How to keep me safe from illness during winter?

There are many ways which can lead to falling sick. However, you need to follow these simple steps and safeguard yourself from the harsh cold winter effects.

  • Wash your hands
  • If you have sore throat, make it a point to gargle with lukewarm salt water.
  • Use hand sanitizer. But this must be used in limit and not excessively.
  • Use tissues while cleaning your nose. A sneeze can send tiny droplets of sputum that can be very contagious.
  • If you sense that a fever or cold hasn’t reduced, then make it a point to consult your doctor at the earliest.
  1. Can a cold be spread through breathing?

Not really! Cold can be spread only if an infected person sneezes or coughs. The way a cold virus spreads is very quick. A person around you can catch a cold virus in seconds if an infected person sneezes or coughs. Cold can spread even with a touch, meaning if an infected person sneezes and touches a doorknob and if another person touches that knob, be sure you may in no time be infected by a very bad cold.

  1. How to cure cold at home?

Cold can be cured by many home remedies that are proven safe by doctors. Our ancestors were not fools to invent medicine that helped way before the advent of modern medical science. Here are some simple ways in which you can cure a bad cold at home.

  • Consume hot liquids
  • Add black pepper to hot milk and consume before it cools
  • Gargle with lukewarm salt water
  • Pour brandy to a small cap and consume
  • If you ever planned to have a shower, make it a point to take a hot one

Note: If your cough and cold does not reduce, you need to immediately consult a doctor as your illness can turn out to be dangerous.

Winter is a season of fun and frolic for many, but you need to take care of yourself before any bad disease or infection strikes your vacation. If you are ill and taking medication, keep in mind that you need to take simple precautionary measures from getting your family members affected. Simple things like washing your hands every now and then are simple ways in which you can ensure a healthy and safer family future. So keep yourself healthy and stay safe.

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