India (Hindi: Bhārat), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: Bhārat Gaṇarājya), is a country in South Asia. It is the second-most populous country, the seventh-largest country by land area, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.
Modern humans arrived on the Indian subcontinent from Africa no later than 55,000 years ago. Their long occupation, initially in varying forms of isolation as hunter-gatherers, has made the region highly diverse, second only to Africa in human genetic diversity. Settled life emerged on the subcontinent in the western margins of the Indus river basin 9,000 years ago, evolving gradually into the Indus Valley Civilisation of the third millennium BCE. By 1200 BCE, an archaic form of Sanskrit, an Indo-European language, had diffused into India from the northwest, unfolding as the language of the Rigveda, and recording the dawning of Hinduism in India. The Dravidian languages of India were supplanted in the northern and western regions. By 400 BCE, stratification and exclusion by caste had emerged within Hinduism, and Buddhism and Jainism had arisen, proclaiming social orders unlinked to heredity. Early political consolidations gave rise to the loose-knit Maurya and Gupta Empires based in the Ganges Basin. Their collective era was suffused with wide-ranging creativity, but also marked by the declining status of women, and the incorporation of untouchability into an organised system of belief. In South India, the Middle kingdoms exported Dravidian-languages scripts and religious cultures to the kingdoms of Southeast Asia.
In the early medieval era, Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Zoroastrianism put down roots on India’s southern and western coasts. Muslim armies from Central Asia intermittently overran India’s northern plains, eventually establishing the Delhi Sultanate, and drawing northern India into the cosmopolitan networks of medieval Islam. In the 15th century, the Vijayanagara Empire created a long-lasting composite Hindu culture in south India. In the Punjab, Sikhism emerged, rejecting institutionalised religion. The Mughal Empire, in 1526, ushered in two centuries of relative peace, leaving a legacy of luminous architecture. Gradually expanding rule of the British East India Company followed, turning India into a colonial economy, but also consolidating its sovereignty. British Crown rule began in 1858. The rights promised to Indians were granted slowly, but technological changes were introduced, and ideas of education, modernity and the public life took root. A pioneering and influential nationalist movement emerged, which was noted for nonviolent resistance and became the major factor in ending British rule. In 1947 the British Indian Empire was partitioned into two independent dominions, a Hindu-majority Dominion of India and a Muslim-majority Dominion of Pakistan, amid large-scale loss of life and an unprecedented migration.
India has been a secular federal republic since 1950, governed in a democratic parliamentary system. It is a pluralistic, multilingual and multi-ethnic society. India’s population grew from 361 million in 1951 to 1,211 million in 2011. During the same time, its nominal per capita income increased from US$64 annually to US$1,498, and its literacy rate from 16.6% to 74%. From being a comparatively destitute country in 1951, India has become a fast-growing major economy, a hub for information technology services, with an expanding middle class. It has a space programme which includes several planned or completed extraterrestrial missions. Indian movies, music, and spiritual teachings play an increasing role in global culture. India has substantially reduced its rate of poverty, though at the cost of increasing economic inequality. India is a nuclear-weapon state, which ranks high in military expenditure. It has disputes over Kashmir with its neighbours, Pakistan and China, unresolved since the mid-20th century. Among the socio-economic challenges India faces are gender inequality, child malnutrition, and rising levels of air pollution. India’s land is megadiverse, with four biodiversity hotspots. Its forest cover comprises 21.4% of its area. India’s wildlife, which has traditionally been viewed with tolerance in India’s culture, is supported among these forests, and elsewhere, in protected habitats.
What is the tourism of Rajasthan?
- Tourism accounts for eight percent of the state’s domestic product. Many old and neglected palaces and forts have been converted into heritage hotels. Rajasthan is known for its historical hill forts & palaces, it is claimed as the best place for tourism-related to palaces. Umaid Bhawan Palace: It is the largest Royal Palace in Rajasthan.
What is Rajasthan famous for?
- The state of Rajasthan is home to the exquisite forts and palaces of the Rajput Dynasty. North India is home to one of the seven wonders of the world – The TajMahal. The region has diverse classical and folk dance forms. Bhangra, Ghoomar, and Bland Pather are popular dance forms of the region. Each state has its own regional style of clothing.
What are some interesting facts about Rajasthan?
- Let us see some of the most interesting facts about this place that would leave you fascinated. As per the census 2011, Rajasthan is one of the largest statesin India. A bulk portion of this state is covered by the Thar Desert. It is also referred to as The Great Indian Desert. This land comprises of desert, rocks and sand dunes.
What is the beauty of Rajasthan?
- The core beauty of Rajasthan lies in its culture that is inherited in the state since time immemorial and is quite alluring. The folk music and dances of the state have earned international recognition due to their ability of binding the onlookers with their soulful touch.
Why is Agra called Agra?
- ‘Agrabah’ was a name used to call Agra in the past. This city was the inspiration of the famous Disney movie, Aladdin. When we discuss about Agra, we should never forget Taj Mahal. It is one of the main attractions in the city. The builder of this palace was Shah Jahan. He dedicated the palace for his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
What are facts about Agra 5?
- Facts about Agra 5: the location. Agra is located in Uttar Pradesh State, India. The city spans on the area of 4082 square kilometer. It has been inhabited by 1.4 million people. The people in Agra used Hindi, Urdu and English for their everyday languages
What is the capital of Agra India?
- Agra, city, western Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. It lies in the Indo-Gangetic Plain on the Yamuna (Jumna) River about 125 miles (200 km) southeast of Delhi. Agra Fort, Agra, India Agra Fort (Red Fort), Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India.
What is Agra famous for?
- Agra is best known for the Taj Mahal (17th century), designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1983. A complex mausoleum, the Taj Mahal is often considered to be the world’s best example of Mughal architecture. The Mughal emperor Shah Jahān built it for his favourite wife, Mumtāz Maḥal, in the mid-17th century.
The southwestern state of India known as Kerala is a place of tropical beauty. Palm trees, white sand beaches and eco-tourism are all big reasons to explore the region. Besides its famous backwaters, elegant houseboats and temple festivals, Kerala is also home to Thekkady, a tiger preserve which allows you to admire flora and fauna without crowds. The hub of Kerala is the city of Kochi, where you can see the local fishing industry thriving along with modern high-rises and colonial architecture. Kochi is ethnically and religiously diverse, and in a single afternoon you can explore a Jewish synagogue, a Dutch palace, the Portuguese Pallipuram Fort and the Hindu Thrikkakara Temple.
The land of elephants share their habitat with Panthera, King Cobra and other wild animals. Natural beauty: Kerala the land of beauty is describes as the favourite child of nature, and famous for its breath-taking natural beauty, Kerala : (Full Essay) One of the beautiful states in our country is Kerala. Kerala is situated in the south western region of India. A state filled with natural beauty, Kerala is also known as “ God’s Own Country ”.
The land of Ladakh, renowned as the cold desert, holds immense pristine beauty for its beholder. It stretches from peak to peak, like a heavenly work of art done in strokes of brown, grey and purple with stripes of silver and speckles of green beside the Indus River, Ladakh is a region unsurpassed beauty of nature and is also called as land of mountain passes with a part of shattered moon land. Ladakh is famous for its well-known beauty of mountains and its culture. Ladakh is surrounded by Pakistan and in the west is the Kashmir.
In northernmost India, in the heavily disputed Kashmir region, is the mountainous destination of Ladakh. This region is large, but it has a low population density and a number of nomadic residents. Breathtaking, pristine scenery is a major draw to the area, but virtually all travelers will also spend time in the town of Leh. The town is located at a very high elevation, and it is also home to the 17th century Palace of the King of Ladakh. Buddhist culture is also prominent in Leh, and you may wish to explore some of the many Buddhist monasteries and temples in the Old Town, Emblems of pure paradisiacal beauty, Leh & Ladakh are all about awe-inspiring landscapes, picturesque green oasis, scintillating monasteries and quaint hamlets. You are taken in by the breathtaking beauty the moment you land in this incredible mountain town.
Is Ladakh surrounded by Pakistan?
- Ladakh is surrounded by Pakistan and in the west is the Kashmir. China is in the north and in the Eastern part of Himachal Pradesh in the south east. Approximately 60-65 million years ago the layer of Ladakh range and the Himalayas is an amazing miracle between the Indian and the Eurasian landmasses.
On the western coast of India is Goa, a former colony of Portugal that blends Indian culture with colonial influences and plenty of international tourism. Goa is popular largely because of its spectacular beaches. The busiest and most popular of all is Candolim Beach, where travelers from around the world flock to soak up the sun. Anjuna Beach, by contrast, is far less crowded. It is also an amazing place where you can walk to Chapora Fort and admire the sandy coastline from a new perspective. Palolem is considered one of the most beautiful beaches in all of Goa with it’s natural bay surrounded by lofty headlands on either sides. Goa is widely loved by adventurers, and recreational activities are plentiful for those eager for some fun in the sun.
What is the natural beauty of Goa?
- Natural Beauty of Goa includes waterfalls, green forest, fabulous beaches and sunshine. Waterfalls in Goa are added attraction to its natural beauty, The Dudh Sagar waterfall is one the major waterfall in Goa.
Why is Goa so popular?
- It is very popular tourist destinations because of its gorgeous beaches. Apart from beaches Goa also offers attractions, Goa cuisines, water sports and a colorful culture. There are many more things to explore in Goa like churches, one of the major attractions, natural beauty, shopping and nightlife.
What is the poem about Goa?
- Inspired by his past travels, Sadhguru pens a new poem about Goa, expressing the majestic beauty of it, and the need to preserve it. “Cool sands / Warm sea / Green hills/ Gentle people / No heaven this / But must confess / One may forget / The need for heaven…” Enjoy! Scar not ambience without. it is very true guruji, pranam. Love u sadhguru..
What is the description of Goa?
- Description of Goa. Goa is a land that redefines holidays, with its exquisite mix of sun, surf, and beaches; Goa has become the ultimate tourist destination. Goa is a tiny emeralds land with its natural scenic beauty, attractive beaches and temples, famous for its architecture, feast and festivals and hospitable people with a rich culture.
So friends i will suggest you in your life try go these wonderful places, if you loved this post please share and comment, thankyou for visiting informative quest kindly visit again.