TOP FIVE INDIAN DOG BREEDS

INDIAN PARIAH
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Indian dog breeds come in various sizes. They can be found anywhere from narrow village pathways to the busiest city streets of India. We have compiled a list of some of the popular Indian dogs along with their pictures to widen your knowledge about them.

The Indian pariah dog, also known as INDog, South Asian pye dog and Desi Dog,  is a landrace of dog native to the indian sub-continent, They have erect ears, a wedge-shaped head, and a curved tail. It is easily trainable and often used as a guard dog and police dog This .dog is an example of an ancient group of dogs known as pye dogs. It is possible that the ancestors of this dog dates back 4,500 years ago.

Though most street dogs in the Indian subcontinent are in fact Indian pye-dogs, the names for this breed are often erroneously used to refer to all urban South Asian stray dogs despite the fact that some free-ranging dogs in the Indian subcontinent do not match the “pariah type” and may not be pure indigenous dogs but mixed breeds,  especially around locations where European colonists historically settled in India, due to admixtures with European dog breeds.

It is a medium-sized dog of square to slightly rectangular build and short coat. The dog has a double coat, a coarse upper coat, and a soft undercoat. The most commonly observed colours are browns, ranging from dark to reddish-brown, with or without white markings. Solid blacks are rare, but some dogs are pied. Shaded coats, brindles, solid white and dalmatian-type spotting are never seen in pure populations. These may be a sign of mixing with modern breeds, as they are only seen in dogs in cities and other sites where non-native dogs have been introduced.

The head is medium-sized and wedge-shaped. The muzzle is pointed and is of equal or slightly greater length than the head. The neck is noble and the forequarters are erect. Hindquarters are minimally angled. The trot is short. The eyes are almond-shaped and dark brown in colour. The ears are held erect and are pointed at the tips, with a broad base, set low on the head, and the tail is curled and held high when excited.

RAJYAPALAYAM

The Rajapalayam also known as the Polygar Hound or Indian Ghost Hound is a southern Indian dog breed  It was the constant companion, boar hunter and guard of the royalty and aristocracy in Southern India, particularly in its namesake town of Rajapalayam in the virudunagar district of Tamil nadu.

Four commemorative postage stamps were issued on 9 January 2005 by india post for four breeds (sic.) i.e. himalayan sheep dog, rampur hound, mudhol hound (Face value Rs. 5 each) and Rajapalayam (Face value Rs. 15). This dog is known to live up to 20 years of age.

It is a large dog, usually measuring about 65–75 cm (25–30 inches) at the withers and weighs 30 – 45kg It is a hound, and therefore should be kept in optimum working condition.The Rajapalayam was bred to be the complete hunter and estate guardian and has features that allow it to excel at both,Primarily used to hunt wild boar independant of the handler, the Rajapalayam is unique in two ways. Firstly it fulfils the functions of a bay dog as well as a catch dog, secondly the Rajapalayam can hunt by sight as well as track by scent. While hunting they can be relentless pursuers that are not intimidated by complex terrain or water bodies. After finding their prey, the dogs take it down and bring it back to the handler. If the dog is unable to bring down its prey, it injures and corners the target till the handler can get to it. This dog can hunt alone, in pairs, in a pack, or with its owner.


Rajapalayams tend to be more muscular and heavier boned than most sighthounds, but they share the depth of chest and basic body structure that exudes speed and physical ability. Its facial structure is considerably different from that of a caravan hound with a slightly larger head and more powerful jaws. It has a slightly curled tail.Rajapalayam Puppies, an extremely handsome and graceful dog, the Rajapalayam has a double suspension gait, similar to the trotting of a thoroughbred horse.The staple colour is milk white though faint brown markings are quite common, the pink nose is standard.

Eye color can range from golden to brown and green.Puppies born with whitish or blue eyes are almost always deaf and should not be bred. The coat is single, short, and fine so these dogs don’t do well in very cold climates but excel in the heat of South India or tropics.

RAMPUR GREYHOUND

The Rampur Greyhound is a breed of sighthound native to the rampur region of Northern india, which lies between delhi and Bareilly. It is believed the Rampur Greyhound descends from early Afghan hounds, with their present day appearance due to extensive crosses to the greyhounds in the 19th century to improve the breed’s speed. The Rampur Greyhound is a short haired, powerfully built sighthound that resembles the sloughi in appearance, it is rarely seen outside of its native land where it is retained as a coursing dog, rarely being kept as a companion dog,The Rampur Greyhound is a native dog breed indigenous to the Rampur region of northern India, developed by the Nawab of Rampur by combining the blood of the Tazi ( Afghan hounds) and the English Greyhound. Belonging to the group of sight hounds, this breed has a wide, muscular built characterized by a flat skull, pointed nose, high set ears arranged in a rose pattern, large, hare-shaped densely webbed foot, flexible toes, a long and tapering tail which is curved slightly upwards. 

The breeding of these dogs was initiated by Ahmad Ali Khan, the Nawab of Rampur during the beginning of the 20th century, for the purpose of developing a fierce and agile breed which would be his hunting companion. Thus, by combining the Afghan hounds, which had a ferocious and fearful disposition as well as the English Greyhound which was obedient, though less tolerant to the extreme climatic conditions he created this new breed which he named as the Rampur Hound. It possessed the tough and rugged character of the Afghan hound and took to the English Greyhound as far as its speed was concerned.

Because of its prey hunting ability, it was used by the Maharajas for hunting jackals as well as a host of other animals like lions, panthers, tigers, and leopards, however, its popularity decline after 1947 as the Maharaja’s power was gradually declining and hunting too ceased to be a preferred passion. At present, they are almost at the edge of extinction with a few of them known and registered in places outside India. In fact, being mostly used by the rural population in the present times, their usage is confined to that of a working breed used for controlling pests as well as retrieving big games during a hunting spree.

GADDI KUTTA

Gaddi Kutta is a breed of livestock guardian dog found in northern India, especially in the western Himalayas region and in the states of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand,The Gaddi Kutta is a Mastiff-type dog native to India, particularly the Himalayan region. Locals there are not quite sure if these ancient dogs constitute an actual breed but they do respect and sometimes even fear these powerful creatures. This breed is also referred to as the ‘Indian Panther Hound’ due to many sources claiming they are capable of fighting off snow leopards. Presently members of this breed are used by Himalayan tribes as shepherds or to deliver supplies in difficult terrain. This is not the best choice for a family and they are not typically welcoming to strangers. Anyone in need of a loyal guard dog or shepherd for their flock, however, will meet their match in the Gaddi.

This is considered a large size breed and there is quite a bit of variation in size. Males range anywhere from 22-31 inches in height and weigh in at about 88-99 pounds. Females stand within 20-28 inches and weigh 77-88 pounds,

The Gaddi Kutta is not an official member of any kennel club breed category, but since it is a Mastiff type, it would fit into the Working Group of breeds. These dogs have historically been utilized in India as multi-purpose work and guard dogs; as such, Gaddis are not suitable as family pets, but make great guardians of livestock and property–particularly in colder climates.

Some breed specifications: Gaddis are large-sized (height at the shoulders averages 26 inches, and weight 85 pounds), with thick, medium-length coats that normally come in various lighter shades of brown. Here are some good (and not so good) qualities of this powerful breed.

COMBAI

The Combai, also known as Indian terrier is a dog breed found evolved in the foothills of Western Ghats of South India. Dog is famed for its aggression and loyalty was almost driven to the brink of extinction, and now has been revived in around Tamil Nadu state by dog enthusiasts and they have been instrumental in popularizing the breed in other states in India. It is considered an extremely loyal, intelligent and powerful native breed.

Kombai has been recognised by Kennel Club of India and has been well represented in the shows conducted by their Tamil Nadu Chapter. The dog can be classified into terrier group for its balanced squarish structure, sharp movements, gait, trot, facial structure and tail hold. It has joined the Dog Breeding and Training School of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Bengaluru, on a pilot basis in 2020.

The Combai is usually tan or red brown mostly found with a black mask at muzzle, pendant, pricked ears and fairly square-bodied dog where its height and length are almost equal. Rear leg angulation is closely related to that of the terrier and are highly energetic and loyal breed. Height for Combai is around 23-25″ for males although females are two inches shorter, weight is around 30 kilograms for males and females are nearly five kilograms lighter. Their coats are easily maintainable, and are less prone to skin disorders, fungal and yeast infections, and parasite infestations. The breed, having evolved naturally many centuries ago, is more immune to most diseases compared to the human-designed breeds.

Kombai has a double coat with brick coarse short hair on the outer and soft fawn coloured internal coat which give it a distinctive pattern. Black colouration on the muzzle is usually predominant and it grays as the dog geta older. Muzzle structure is squarish and muscular. Kombai is rarely overweight and a balanced Kombai always tends to keep itself fit to move around. Due to short hair the shedding is hardly noticeable,As a guard dog, the Combai is very effective, alert and adaptable to the conditions. It is fairly aggressive towards strangers, and is aloof to them. The Combai were used as home and livestock guardians as it has high pain tolerance. Nowadays, they are mostly used as guard dogs in farm houses. Years ago they were used to guard people’s cattle from tigers and leopards.

So friends these are the top five breeds of india which are our dog breeds, you all probably have pitbull, german shehpherd, siberian husky or even more breeds than would you like have you ever seen people of outside country keep the dogs of our country, those people do not speaking anything other than language of their country, so instead of keeping dogs outside the country we will keep dogs of our country, so friends, i just want to say that keep the things of your country and hope that you will enjoy the post if you liked this post please like share and comment on my post thankyou so much for visiting informative quest.

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